Keepalive ssh sessions for longer durations


In general most of the ISP providers will terminate idle sessions as early as possible(maybe in a couple of minutes).

This will be an irritating thing if you work on a remote server with ssh. I had a similar issue with my ISP(Act Fibernet). To fix this issue I have experimented in multiple ways and I am sharing the easiest way to that works.

Add following lines in your /etc/ssh/sshd_config file:

ClientAliveInterval 60
ClientAliveCountMax 5

where ClientAliveInterval 60 seconds will send a null request from your node(client) to server every 60 seconds. ClientAliveCountMax 5 is to give up if it doesn’t receive any response after 5 retries.

After adding the above configurations restart ssh with the following command:

sudo service ssh restart

You can try with different values for ClientAliveInterval based on your ISP. In general most of the ISP’s will persist idle sessions for a couple of minutes. In my case Act Fibernet sessions are not responding after 2 minutes(approximately), so I used 60 seconds.


Scheduling conditional statements with crontab


Recently while trying to auto-restart a daemon which is down by identifying with ps aux and if condition, it is not worked as intended with crontab.

I used following command which is perfectly running in from command line but not through crontab.

if [ `ps aux | grep nrpe | grep -v grep | wc -l` -eq 0 ]; then service nagios-nrpe-server restart ;fi

After trying with different commands following thing worked for me:

pgrep nrpe; [ $? != 0 ] && /etc/init.d/nagios-nrpe-server restart

where pgrep returns non zero exit code if the process nrep is not running and with $? is used to get the exit code of previous command (in this case pgrep) and start the process.

Nginx – Host/serve an Android apk file


To host/serve Android apk with Nginx following changes are required:

  • Adding mime type in /etc/nginx/mime.types
  • Explicitly adding header *.apk in site conf

Adding mime type in /etc/nginx/mime.types:

Add following line in mime.types file

application/ apk;

Explicitly adding header *.apk in site conf: 

Update following configuration in your site conf file

location ~* \.(apk)$ {
  add_header Content-Type application/;

Finally restart Nginx.

sudo service nginx restart


Lists/Remove all empty files in a directory


To list all empty files in a directory use follwoing command:

for file in `ls`; do if [[ ! -s $file ]]; then echo $file; fi; done

To remove all empty files in a directory use following commad:

for file in `ls`; do if [[ ! -s $file ]]; then echo $file; rm $file; fi; done

ftp – sync data from remote ftp server


To sync data from remote ftp server install ncftp with following command:

apt-get install ncftp

Now use following command to sync data from remote ftp server:

ncftpget -R -T -v -u userName -p 'password' ftp_hostname "directoryPathInFtpServer" "directoryPathInLocalMachine"

Get gitlab version number from Gitlab cli


To get Gitlab & other dependent modules version numbers use the following command:

gitlab-rake gitlab:env:info

The output will include all details like Gitlab version, git version, git shell version, OS version, Ruby version, Gem version, Bundler version, Rake version, Redis version, Sidekiq version & etc…

vim – set tab space


To change tab space width to 4 spaces add following code in /etc/vim/vimrc file

filetype plugin indent on
"to show existing tab with 4 spaces width
set tabstop=4
"when indenting with '>', use 4 spaces width
set shiftwidth=4
"On pressing tab, insert 4 spaces
set expandtab

This will convert all existing tabs to 4 spaces width & also all new tabs with 4 spaces width.

Get Thread and Heap dump – Java


Thread and Heap dumps are useful for debugging any Java programme.

To get thread dump:

By using jstack command we can get thread dump of a Java process.


$ jstack PID

where PID is Java process id for which we want to get thread dump.

To get heap dump:

By using jmap command we can get heap dump of a Java process.


$ jmap -heap PID

where PID is Java process id for which we want to get heap dump.