Keepalive ssh sessions for longer durations


In general most of the ISP providers will terminate idle sessions as early as possible(maybe in a couple of minutes).

This will be an irritating thing if you work on a remote server with ssh. I had a similar issue with my ISP(Act Fibernet). To fix this issue I have experimented in multiple ways and I am sharing the easiest way to that works.

Add following lines in your /etc/ssh/sshd_config file:

ClientAliveInterval 60
ClientAliveCountMax 5

where ClientAliveInterval 60 seconds will send a null request from your node(client) to server every 60 seconds. ClientAliveCountMax 5 is to give up if it doesn’t receive any response after 5 retries.

After adding the above configurations restart ssh with the following command:

sudo service ssh restart

You can try with different values for ClientAliveInterval based on your ISP. In general most of the ISP’s will persist idle sessions for a couple of minutes. In my case Act Fibernet sessions are not responding after 2 minutes(approximately), so I used 60 seconds.


Scheduling conditional statements with crontab


Recently while trying to auto-restart a daemon which is down by identifying with ps aux and if condition, it is not worked as intended with crontab.

I used following command which is perfectly running in from command line but not through crontab.

if [ `ps aux | grep nrpe | grep -v grep | wc -l` -eq 0 ]; then service nagios-nrpe-server restart ;fi

After trying with different commands following thing worked for me:

pgrep nrpe; [ $? != 0 ] && /etc/init.d/nagios-nrpe-server restart

where pgrep returns non zero exit code if the process nrep is not running and with $? is used to get the exit code of previous command (in this case pgrep) and start the process.

ImportError: No module named ‘boto3’


I got this error while I am trying to use boto3 module in python.

The main reason for this error is, there is no boto3 module installed.

To install boto3 user following command:

sudo pip3 install boto3

One thing you need to observe here is to use pip3 to install boto3.

If pip3 not installed in your node user following command to install it:

sudo apt-get install python3-pip

Nginx – Host/serve an Android apk file


To host/serve Android apk with Nginx following changes are required:

  • Adding mime type in /etc/nginx/mime.types
  • Explicitly adding header *.apk in site conf

Adding mime type in /etc/nginx/mime.types:

Add following line in mime.types file

application/ apk;

Explicitly adding header *.apk in site conf: 

Update following configuration in your site conf file

location ~* \.(apk)$ {
  add_header Content-Type application/;

Finally restart Nginx.

sudo service nginx restart


Lists/Remove all empty files in a directory


To list all empty files in a directory use follwoing command:

for file in `ls`; do if [[ ! -s $file ]]; then echo $file; fi; done

To remove all empty files in a directory use following commad:

for file in `ls`; do if [[ ! -s $file ]]; then echo $file; rm $file; fi; done

ftp – sync data from remote ftp server


To sync data from remote ftp server install ncftp with following command:

apt-get install ncftp

Now use following command to sync data from remote ftp server:

ncftpget -R -T -v -u userName -p 'password' ftp_hostname "directoryPathInFtpServer" "directoryPathInLocalMachine"

Get gitlab version number from Gitlab cli


To get Gitlab & other dependent modules version numbers use the following command:

gitlab-rake gitlab:env:info

The output will include all details like Gitlab version, git version, git shell version, OS version, Ruby version, Gem version, Bundler version, Rake version, Redis version, Sidekiq version & etc…

Ubuntu 16.04 – Persisting IPTABLE Rules


To persist iptable rules installs iptables-persistent module.

sudo apt-get install iptables-persistent

Now you make changes to iptables & run following command to persist them:

sudo netfilter-persistent save
sudo netfilter-persistent reload

To view saved rules check in directory /etc/iptables/

vim – set tab space


To change tab space width to 4 spaces add following code in /etc/vim/vimrc file

filetype plugin indent on
"to show existing tab with 4 spaces width
set tabstop=4
"when indenting with '>', use 4 spaces width
set shiftwidth=4
"On pressing tab, insert 4 spaces
set expandtab

This will convert all existing tabs to 4 spaces width & also all new tabs with 4 spaces width.